Although Railway is one of the least polluting means of transportation, the Indian Railway is fully
aware of its responsibilities for a positive contribution to preserving the environment for our future generation.
In that direction, the Indian Railway has taken a conscious decision to reduce its carbon footprint by reducing
energy consumption which is produced by using fossil fuel.
A new dawn ushers on Indian Railways as it endeavours to be self-reliant for its energy needs as
directed by the Prime Minister and solarise railway stations by utilizing its vacant lands for Renewable Energy
(RE) projects. The Railway is committed to utilize solar energy for meeting its traction power requirements
and become a complete ‘Green mode of transportation’.
The Ministry of Railways has decided to install solar power plants on its vacant unused lands on
mega-scale. The use of solar power will accelerate the mission to achieve the conversion of Indian Railways
to ‘Net Zero’ Carbon Emission Railway.
It can also be mentioned here that, in a remarkable achievement, Guwahati station became the first
railway station in Northeast to be fully powered with grid-connected Solar Power with commissioning of a 700
KWp solar plant in the year 2017. Already, roof-mounted solar panels in various offices, station buildings;
level crossing gates in the NFR area are generating about 2718 KWp of Solar Power which enabled savings
of more than Rs. 2.22 crore from annual conventional energy bills. By the end of the current financial year,
NFR will be generating an additional 3000 Kwp of solar power. Many other projects are on hand in NFR to
augment the solar power generation capacity. Which once completed will generate clean & green electricity
with savings of about Rs. 4.73 crore from annual conventional energy bills.
Indian Railways present demand would be fulfilled by the solar projects being deployed, making it the
first transport organisation to be energy self-sufficient. This would help in making Indian Railways green as
well as ‘Atma Nirbhar’.
Indian Railways has acted as a pioneer in green energy procurement. It has started energy
procurement from various solar projects like 3 MWp solar plant set up at MCF Raebareilly (UP). About 100
MWp rooftop solar systems have already been commissioned on various stations and buildings of Indian
Besides, one project of 1.7 MWp at Bina (Madhya Pradesh) which will be connected directly to
Overhead Traction System has already been installed and is presently under extensive testing. It is likely to
be commissioned within 15 days. This is the first of its kind project in the world commissioned by Indian
Railways in collaboration with Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL).
Railway Energy Management Company Ltd. (REMCL) is working relentlessly to further spread the use
of solar energy on mega scale. It has already floated the tenders for 2 GW of solar projects for Indian
Railways to be installed on unutilised railway lands. Indian Railways is also adopting an innovative concept of
installation of solar projects along operational railway lines. This will help in preventing encroachment,
enhancing the speed and safety of trains and reduction of infrastructure costs due to direct injection
of solar power into the traction network. Another tender for installation of 1 GW solar plants along Railway
tracks is also planned to be released soon by REMCL.
With these mega initiatives, Indian Railways is leading India’s fight against climate challenge and is
taking significant steps towards meeting its ambitious goal of being a net-zero carbon emissions organisation
and meeting India’s Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) targets.