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01022018/15602-02-2018
Maligaon
New Railways in New India Budget

New India Budget to transform Railways into a modern, safe, green, affordable and comfortable mode of transport.

Drastically scaling up investments by almost three times to Rs 1,48,528 cr. in 2018-19 (BE) as against Rs 53,989 cr. in 2013-14.

Highest priority to safety - total expenditure planned o­n safety activities including is Rs. 73,065 in 2018-19 (BE)

Railways to electrify the entire network

600 Stations are to be developed with world class facilities. Escalators to be provided at all stations with passenger footfall above 25,000. Stations and trains will be provided with wi-fi facility for information and entertainment; CCTV cameras across all stations and trains for security

Improved suburban services to Mumbai with 90 kms line doubling of around Rs. 11,000 cr & 150 kms additional lines worth Rs. 40,000 cr for enhancing transportation in Mumbai with expansion of suburban railway system

160 kms suburban network worth Rs. 17,000 cr in Bengaluru to help reduce congestion there and save commuting time of passengers

Rail University at Vadodara to be set up

Operating ratio of 2018-19 (BE) is estimated at 92.8% as against 96% in 2017-18 (RE)

Total Revenue receipts in 2018-19 (BE) are estimated to increase by 7% to Rs. 2,01,090 cr.

Total Revenue expenditure in 2018-19 BE is estimated to increase by 4% to Rs. 1,88,100 cr.

Hon’ble Finance Minister, Shri Arun Jaitley, in his budget speech for 2018-19 has laid out a roadmap for Indian Railways, which is in line with Hon’ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi’s vision of New India by 2022. In the past four years, Government has taken several decisions to transform Railways into a modern, safe, green, affordable and comfortable mode of transport.

To reduce accumulated backlog in capacity creation, Government is drastically scaling up investments by almost three times to Rs 1,46,500 cr. in 2018-19 as against Rs 53,989 cr. in 2013-14. This is 22% higher than 2017-18 (RE), and includes budgetary support of Rs. 53,060 cr; internal resources of Rs. 11,500 cr; IRFC to raise Rs. 28,500 cr; Institutional Finance (LIC) to support with Rs. 26,440 cr; and investment through PPP of Rs. 27,000 cr.

Government has provided Rs.19,408 Cr towards re imbursement of losses o­n operation of strategic lines and Rs 88 Cr towards reimbursement of operational cost of e ticketing to IRCTC.

Physical Achievements and Initiatives

Government has accorded highest priority to safety in line with its philosophy of every life is precious. The total expenditure planned o­n safety activities including Rashtriya Rail Sanraksha Kosh (RRSK) is Rs. 68,725 cr in RE 2017-18 and Rs. 73,065 cr in BE 2018-19. The RRSK will comprise Rs. 5,000 cr from Capital (Budgetary Support), Rs. 10,000 cr from Railway Safety Fund received as Railways’ share from Central Road fund & Rs. 5,000 cr from Railways’ revenue. Apart from elimination of Unmanned Level Crossings o­n all busy routes and shift to production of safer LHB coaches, there is focus o­n track renewal with the highest ever outlay ever.

Track renewal works

RE 2017-18

BE 2018-19

Increase %

Target (Route Kms)

3,600

3,900

8.3%

Outlay (Rs. in cr)

9,305

11,450

23.0%

Today, railways is powering India by being the main transporter of coal. Soon the power sector will give added energy to railways, which will electrify the entire network within the next 5 years. This will lead to to an estimated saving of Rs. 10,000 cr per annum, help in reducing carbon emissions and promote sustainable development, besides increasing India’s energy security by saving foreign exchange o­n imported fuels

600 Stations are to be developed with world class facilities. Escalators to be provided at all stations with passenger footfall above 25,000. All railway stations and trains will be provided with wi-fi facility for information and entertainment. This will also enable people in rural areas, including women and youth, to access the internet and enhance their knowledge and skills. To enhance safety and security of passengers, Indian Railways will set up CCTV cameras across all stations and trains to enhance security.

Railways is o­ne of the safest, economical and sustainable modes of transport. Accordingly, Railways will focus o­n providing improved suburban services to metros like Mumbai with 90 kms line doubling of around Rs. 11,000 cr. In addition, 150 kilometers of additional suburban network is being planned Rs. 40,000 crore for enhancing transportation in Mumbai with expansion of suburban railway system. Railways will also build 160 kms suburban network worth Rs. 17,000 cr in Bengaluru to help reduce congestion there and save commuting time of passengers.

Government has also approved the setup of India’s first Rail and Transportation University in Vadodara, Gujarat.

Railways has massively increased targets in capacity building to ease the network and ensure highest standards of safety, speed and service for customers.

2017-18 (RE)

2018-19 (BE)

Increase %

New lines (RKMs)

402

1,000

148.8%

Gauge conversion (RKMs)

574

1,000

74.2%

Doubling (RKMs)

945

2,100

122.0%

Locos Electric

352

573

62.8%

Coaches

4,659 (160 for non-rail customers)

5,160 (350 for non-rail customers)

10.8%

Wagons(vehicle units)

7,120

12,000

68.5%

Financial and operating performance

The operating ratio of 2018-19 (BE) is estimated at 92.8% as against 96% in 2017-18 (RE). The excess of revenue over expenditure is Rs. 12,990 cr in 2018-19 (BE).

Total Revenue receipts in 2018-19 (BE) are estimated to increase by 7% to Rs. 2,01,090 cr. Gross Traffic Receipts are also estimated to increase by 7% to Rs. 2,00,840 cr. Sundry other earnings are estimated to increase by 49% to Rs. 20,790 cr.

Total Revenue expenditure in 2018-19 (BE) is estimated to increase by 4% to Rs. 1,88,100 cr. Major components include Ordinary Working Expenses (Rs. 1,38,000 cr.), appropriation to DRF (Rs. 500 cr.) and appropriation to Pension Fund from Revenue (Rs. 47,500 cr.).

There is focus o­n freight earnings with estimated increase of 51MT in 2018-19 (BE) over 2017-18 (RE). 2017-18 has seen a reversal of the trend of low growth in freight loading over the previous 2 years. Incremental loading in April-January 2018 is 45 MT over the same period last year. There has been incremental loading of 6 MT in January itself. This highlights move towards sustainable railway operations.



(Pranav Jyoti Sharma)
CPRO/N.F.Railway




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